Should you upgrade to Windows 11? It’s complicated (2023)

Windows Intelligence

By Chris Hoffman, Computerworld |

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Tech journalist Chris Hoffman has learned a few things during his 30 years using Windows. Follow along as he shares tips, tricks, and in-the-know insights into the Windows ecosystem.

News Analysis

The choice is yours – but it also depends on your hardware. Some PCs shouldn’t run Windows 11, and others shouldn’t run Windows 10.

Should you upgrade to Windows 11? It’s complicated (2)

Is Windows 11 better than Windows 10? Should you upgrade?

That’s a question I’ve been getting a lot from the readers of my Windows Intelligence newsletter. People also want to know whether Microsoft has fixed the problems Windows 11 had at launch, nearly two years ago.

There’s no one-size-fits-all answer. That’s actually great news: If you’re happy with Windows 10, you can keep using it, and there’s nothing wrong with that. But there are some things you need to know.

Let’s dig into it.

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Windows 10 and Windows 11 are both great

Windows 10 and Windows 11 are both solid operating systems.

Windows 10 isn’t dead yet: It has years of life left in it. In fact, Windows 10 is better than ever. It’s gotten a lot of improvements since its initial release. Maybe even more importantly, Microsoft is done adding big new features to Windows 10, so it’s a solid, stable version of Windows that isn’t getting frequent major updates anymore. That’s what a lot of us always wanted! On the other hand, if you do want new features arriving frequently, you’ll need Windows 11.

Windows 11 is also a solid Windows operating system. It’s modern, it's slick, and it has some features Windows 10 simply doesn’t offer. While I use Windows 11 on my main PC — I’m typing this on it right now! — there are some things about Windows 11 that still need work. In particular, Windows 11’s new taskbar remains a work in progress, and I know people who are sticking with Windows 10 for that reason alone.

There’s no rush to upgrade: Microsoft will continue supporting Windows 10 with security updates until October 2025. Until then, Windows 10 will work just fine, and Windows 10 is still a great choice.

Some people will prefer it, while others will prefer Windows 11. But there are PCs I definitely wouldn’t upgrade to Windows 11 — and there are PCs I wouldn’t want to downgrade to Windows 10, either.

Windows 10 vs. Windows 11: What’s different?

Microsoft proclaimed Windows 10 was “the last version of Windows” when it launched in 2015. The idea was that Windows 10 would be continually updated and Microsoft wouldn’t launch another big new version upgrade. Obviously, that didn’t pan out; we now have Windows 11, and I expect Microsoft will announce Windows 12 at some point, too. So, rather than perpetually piling more features onto Windows 10, Microsoft decided to make those big changes in a new operating system instead, the old-fashioned way.

Windows 11 has gained some featuresover Windows 10. For example, you can run Android apps on Windows. There’s a new Widgets menu accessible from the taskbar. The modern Snipping Tool lets you record videos of your desktop, not just take screenshots.

Windows 10 has some features that Microsoft dropped in Windows 11, however. Live tiles are gone from the Start menu, for example. The “Timeline” feature that let you track your history of applications and tasks from devices you signed into with the same Microsoft account is also gone. These aren’t particularly important features to most people, and there’s a reason Microsoft dropped them.

Under the hood, there are some great things going on in Windows 11. For example, Windows 11 works better with multiple monitors. It has a lot more options, and it also remembers where windows were on your monitors — so, if you unplug a monitor and plug it back in, Windows can move your application windows back to the monitor where they belong. The Snap feature for multitasking got some big upgrades on Windows 11, too.

Windows 11 has a different-looking interface — and Microsoft has done more work than usual this time, making everything look like part of a more cohesive whole than usual. The Start menu looks different. The taskbar is different, too, with centered application icons by default, though you could move them back to the left, if you like.

Should you upgrade to Windows 11? It’s complicated (3) Chris Hoffman, IDG

The taskbar is a big step back from Windows 10

That taskbar is one of the big problems users have with Windows 11. Microsoft has removed some taskbar features — sort of. Windows 11’s taskbar appears to be completely rewritten, so it’s not that Microsoft removed features — it just hasn’t found time to add all the classic Windows taskbar features back to Windows 11.

Some of missing features have been restored. For example, you can now drag and drop to a taskbar icon on Windows 11, just as you can on Windows 10; this feature was missing at launch, but Microsoft restored it in the 22H2 update last year.

Microsoft is working on restoring the “Never combine taskbar labels” setting that will make Windows 11’s taskbar function more like Windows XP’s when you enable it, with text-based window titles rather than just application icons. It will likely arrive this fall with Windows 11’s 23H2 update.

In Windows 11, the taskbar is also stuck at the bottom of the screen. If you want to move it to another edge of the screen, you have to use unsupported registry hacks, which don’t work properly in my experience. I don’t know whether Microsoft is planning on bringing back the ability to move the taskbar.

So, if you’re a Windows 10 user who likes customizing your taskbar, Windows 11 really isn’t ready yet; I’d recommend avoiding it. If you don’t use these options, Windows 11 will be fine.

Should you upgrade to Windows 11? It’s complicated (4) Chris Hoffman, IDG

Which is better, really?

Both Windows 10 and Windows 11 are solid operating systems that are getting security updates. You can run the same Windows applications on each. Benchmarks have repeatedly shown that the operating systems are very close to each other in performance. In a lot of ways, it’s a matter of personal taste.

Are you happy with Windows 10? Then there’s no rush to upgrade. Do you use those taskbar features I mentioned? If so, definitely stick with Windows 10.

On the other hand, Windows 11 is sleek and modern. I like how the Start menu isn’t full of live tiles. I love the Snap Assist feature for snapping apps, and I hope that leads to more Windows PC users taking advantage of it. I don’t mind that features like the Timeline are gone; I don’t use them, and I felt the Timeline cluttered the experience. The design is more cohesive overall. (I remember that there was a lot of bad with Windows 10 – this was the operating system that came with Candy Crush pinned to the Start menu, for example.) Some people don’t like Windows 11’s design, and that’s fine – it’s all personal preference.

But if you want the latest features, you’ll want Windows 11: it will eventually get the Windows Copilot AI feature, for example. That’s not coming to Windows 10 in the same way.

For some, it’s not just about which version of Windows is better. If you’re talking about upgrading, the PC hardware you’ll be using plays an important role in your decision.

Should you upgrade a PC to Windows 11?

Not every Windows 10 PC is eligible for an upgrade to Windows 11. In fact, most aren’t! Windows 11 has some pretty stringent hardware requirements, and a lot of older computers can’t run it — not officially, at least.

The good news is that the upgrade is free.

To check whether your Windows 10 PC can run Windows 11, open the Settings app from the Start menu, click “Update & Security,” and look at the Windows Update screen. You’ll either see a message saying your PC can’t run Windows 11, or you’ll see a prompt to download and install Windows 11.

Should you upgrade to Windows 11? It’s complicated (5) Chris Hoffman, IDG

If you want Windows 11 and it’s offered, go right ahead. On the other hand, if your PC can’t technically run it, there are some ways to upgrade your officially “unsupported” PC to Windows 11. I’ve previously dug into what you need to know. The things you can do vary — depending on your PC, you might only need a settings change, or you might have to jump through some hoops.

I recommend you stick with Windows 10 if your PC doesn't officially support Windows 11. You’ll have the best experience. You might well upgrade only to find something breaks in the future when Windows 11 upgrades.

What if you get Windows 11 on a new PC?

On the other hand, when it’s time to buy a new PC, it’s going to come with Windows 11 and you should stick with it rather than downgrading to 10. While you can downgrade a Windows 11 PC, I don’t think that’s a good idea. New PCs have hardware and drivers specifically designed for 11.

Here’s one example: Windows 11 is better at working with modern Intel CPUs that use Intel’s hybrid architecture. Tech-speak translated: Windows 11 can get better performance out of many modern Intel CPUs, and you’ll see worse performance if you downgrade to Windows 10.

Most people are better off just sticking with Windows 11 on a PC that comes with it.

The final word

Overall, Windows 11 is a fine operating system — as is Windows 10. There’s no one winner. I recommend sticking with Windows 11 on PCs that came with it and sticking with Windows 10 on PCs that can’t officially upgrade. If you have a PC somewhere in the middle – one that came with Windows 10, but that can officially upgrade to Windows 11 – which you want is up to you. Windows 10 still has years of life (and security updates) left in it.

If you are upgrading a Windows 10 PC to Windows 11, I recommend backing up your PC using something like File History first. You probably won’t run into any big problems, but it’s a good idea to maintain up-to-date backups, anyway — especially when doing an operating system upgrade.

Get even more advice for mastering your Windows PC with my free Windows Intelligence newsletter — three things to try every Friday. Plus, get free copies of Paul Thurrott’s Windows 11 and Windows 10 Field Guides (a $10 value) for signing up.


  • Windows
  • Windows 11
  • Windows 10
  • Operating Systems
  • Microsoft
  • Small and Medium Business

Chris Hoffman covers everything Windows for Computerworld and beyond. Sign up for his Windows Intelligence newsletter to get the most important news and top tips in your inbox every Friday.


Copyright © 2023 IDG Communications, Inc.

It’s time to break the ChatGPT habit


Is upgrading to Windows 11 difficult? ›

Windows 11 system requirements

Microsoft has some pretty steep system requirements for this version of Windows, most notably the demand that your PC have a TPM (Trusted Platform Module) 2.0 installed. You can read our guide to What is a TPM?

What are the negatives of upgrading to Windows 11? ›

The 10 Worst Things About Windows 11
  • Windows 11's Hardware Requirements Are Too Stringent. ...
  • Changing Default Apps in Windows 11 Is Too Hard. ...
  • You Have to Sign in to a Microsoft Account to Use Windows 11. ...
  • Windows 11's Start Menu Is Less Usable Than Windows 10's. ...
  • Window's 11's Taskbar Is Less Helpful Than Windows 10's.

Should I decline Windows 11 upgrade? ›

In the end, if you want to plan and wait for a stable Windows 11 build, take your time. But, we would recommend upgrading to Windows 11 before Microsoft drops its support for Windows 10 in October 2025.

Will Windows 11 make my computer faster or slower? ›

Windows 11 does a lot under the hood to speed up a PC's performance. The same PC will generally run faster on Windows 11 than Windows 10. But no matter how zippy your Windows 11 may be, it can run faster. And keep in mind that PCs tend to slow down over time, and you want to make sure that doesn't happen to yours.

Can you go back to Windows 10 from 11? ›

Downgrading from Windows 11 to 10 is simple: Launch Settings via the Start menu or use the key combination [Windows] + [i]. Select the “Recovery” option in the “System” section. Click “Go back” in the category of the same name.

Is Windows 11 good now 2023? ›

Summary: Windows 11 brings many features to look forward to, such as DirectStorage, Auto HDR, Xbox Game Pass, and Game Mode. In 2023, you can enjoy the best gaming experience by upgrading to Windows 11. But the latest OS may experience lower-than-expected performance or lag, so it's best to wait now.

How long does Windows 11 take to install? ›

How Long Does It Take to Install Windows 11? General: Between 10 and 20 minutes. On different devices, Windows 11 is installed at different times. For example, it only takes about 10 minutes to update on the latest SSD.

Is Windows 11 stable now? ›

Yes, and if only for one reason, it should be because Windows 11 offers many improvements over Windows 10 and previous versions of Windows, including better security and performance. However, if you are an experienced user who needs more control over your system, you might prefer Linux or macOS.

What happens if I decline Windows 11 upgrade for now? ›

However, if you don't want to use Windows 11 right now, you can just click Decline upgrade on the interface. This does not affect your computer, nor does it affect your future free upgrade from Windows 10 to Windows 11 later.

How long will Windows 11 upgrade be free? ›

However, Microsoft reserves the right to eventually end support for the free offer. This end date will be no sooner than October 5, 2022. A Microsoft spokesperson confirmed that the above statement represents Microsoft's plans for the free Windows 11 upgrade offer.

Is it okay to stay on Windows 10? ›

Microsoft Will Support Windows 10 Until 2025

This means that if you are running Windows 10, you will continue to get bug fixes, new features, and security patches. So, you don't have to worry about Microsoft abandoning Windows 10 for Windows 11, at least for a few years to come.

How long does it take to upgrade to Windows 11? ›

The installation process could be as quick as up to 20mins, but some users may experience bottlenecks that drag out the typically short process into a saga that lasts hours.

Is upgrading to Windows 11 worth it? ›

Ultimately, our IT experts think that Windows 11's new features and user-friendly interface makes it worth considering. Plus, since upgrading to Windows 11 is free and you can go back to Windows 10 if you don't like it, you are not taking a big risk in trying it!

Is upgrading to Windows 11 like a fresh install? ›

The upgrade procedure is essentially automated with the help of Windows 11 Installation Assistant. Additionally, since you can keep all the contents on the PC, you won't need to format your hard drive, reinstall apps, change Windows settings, or copy over your files after the update.

Why is installing Windows 11 so hard? ›

Windows 11 has slightly more stringent demands for its host system than previous versions of Windows, including needing more RAM, more dedicated storage space, and a much more recent-generation processor. If you've hit a brick wall when trying to install Windows 11, there's a good chance your PC isn't compatible.

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